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如何从Rust发出HTTP请求

admin

11月 28, 2021

参考 https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_34902131/article/details/112822347

1、在https://docs.rs/ 搜索 hyper   ,  例子中说 有一个 full client example.

2、github被q, 到https://hub.fastgit.org/hyperium/hyper/blob/master/examples/client.rs  找到了上面提到的例子。

代码搬运工:main.rs

#![deny(warnings)]
#![warn(rust_2018_idioms)]
use std::env;

use hyper::{body::HttpBody as _, Client};
use tokio::io::{self, AsyncWriteExt as _};

// A simple type alias so as to DRY.
type Result<T> = std::result::Result<T, Box<dyn std::error::Error + Send + Sync>>;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<()> {
    pretty_env_logger::init();

    // Some simple CLI args requirements...
    let url = match env::args().nth(1) {
        Some(url) => url,
        None => {
            println!("Usage: client <url>");
            return Ok(());
        }
    };

    // HTTPS requires picking a TLS implementation, so give a better
    // warning if the user tries to request an 'https' URL.
    let url = url.parse::<hyper::Uri>().unwrap();
    if url.scheme_str() != Some("http") {
        println!("This example only works with 'http' URLs.");
        return Ok(());
    }

    fetch_url(url).await
}

async fn fetch_url(url: hyper::Uri) -> Result<()> {
    let client = Client::new();

    let mut res = client.get(url).await?;

    println!("Response: {}", res.status());
    println!("Headers: {:#?}
", res.headers());

    // Stream the body, writing each chunk to stdout as we get it
    // (instead of buffering and printing at the end).
    while let Some(next) = res.data().await {
        let chunk = next?;
        io::stdout().write_all(&chunk).await?;
    }

    println!("

Done!");

    Ok(())
}

3.按https://hub.fastgit.org/hyperium/hyper/blob/master/examples/README.md说明,添加依赖 Cargo.toml

[dependencies]
hyper = { version = "0.14", features = ["full"] }
tokio = { version = "1", features = ["full"] }
pretty_env_logger = "0.4"

生成client.exe   

运行 :client.exe  http://www.cnblogs.com 和 client.exe  https://www.cnblogs.com

竟然只支持http,不支持https 

然后在  https://github.com/hyperium/hyper/issues/1025 中找到一些关于https的例子,暂时不想尝试了。

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