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日常运维中的一键安装或启停脚本

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11月 28, 2021

日常运维中的一键安装或启停脚本

在日常运维中,我们通常会利用shell的”function函数+if逻辑判断+case选择语句”来实现中间件服务一键部署或一键启停。下面分享几个常用运维的一键脚本:

一、Tomcat一键启停服务脚本 [如有多个tomcat实例,就在/etc/init.d/下配置多个针对每个tomcat端口的启停脚本。下面为tomcat_8080脚本文件]

#!/bin/bash
#chkconfig: 345 99 10
#description: Auto-starts tomcat
# /etc/init.d/tomcatd
# Tomcat auto-start
   
# Source function library.
source /etc/init.d/functions
# source networking configuration.
#. /etc/sysconfig/network
  
RETVAL=0
project_tomcat=tomcat_8080
#这里的tomcat采用结尾以端口号方式命令。即tomcat_port
#如果本机由多个tomcat示例,则这种结尾以端口号命名的方式比较好,
   
#执行"echo $JAVA_HOME"可以查看到本机JAVA主目录路径
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.232.b09-0.el7_7.x86_64/
   
export CATALINA_HOME=/usr/local/${project_tomcat}
#export CATALINA_BASE=/usr/local/${project_tomcat}  
  
#(centos7系统)重新加载服务配置文件。只有当该脚本被修改的时候需要执行该项,可以不配置。
systemctl daemon-reload
#TOMCATUSER=tomcat
start()
{
        if [ -f ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/startup.sh ];
          then
            echo $"Starting Tomcat"
            #这里tomcat使用root启动的,如果不是root用户启动的,这里就修改下用户。
            if [ root = `whoami` ];
              then
                ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/startup.sh
              else
                su - root -c "${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/startup.sh"
            fi
            RETVAL=$?
            echo " OK"
            return ${RETVAL}
        fi
}
stop()
{
        if [ -f ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/shutdown.sh ];
          then
            echo $"Stopping Tomcat"
            ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/shutdown.sh
            RETVAL=$?
            sleep 1
            #ps -ef|grep $project_tomcat|egrep -v 'grep|init'|awk '{print$2}'|xargs kill -9
            #egrep -v "grep|init" 的过滤效果等同于 grep -v "grep|init"
            ps -ef|grep ${project_tomcat}|egrep -v 'grep|init' | grep ${CATALINA_HOME}|awk '{print $2}'|xargs kill -9
            #下面可根据自己tomcat日志的实际路径进行更改
            mv ${CATALINA_HOME}/logs/catalina.out ${CATALINA_HOME}/logs/catalina.out_`date '+%Y%m%d_%H_%M_%S'`
            find ${CATALINA_HOME}/logs/ -mtime +10 -exec rm -rf {} ;
            echo " OK"
            # [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/...
            return ${RETVAL}
        fi
}
status()
{
#这里tomcat实例名结尾是以端口号命名的。如果实例名中没有显示端口号,则取tomcat端口号如下:
#port=$(cat ${CATALINA_HOME}/conf/server.xml |grep -w 'URIEncoding="UTF-8"'|awk '{print $2}'|cut -d"=" -f2|cut -d""" -f2)
port=$(echo ${project_tomcat}|awk -F _ '{print$2}')
#打印"lsof -i:port"结果中第二行的第二列,即是该端口所属服务的pid
pid=$(`which lsof` -i:$port|awk 'NR==2{print$2}')
if [ -z $pid ]    #判断${pid}字符串是否为空串,空串为真。
        then
        #使用下面echo方式会将打印内容标红!
        echo -e "33[40;31m${project_tomcat} is stopped33[0m"
        else
        echo ${project_tomcat} is running
        fi
}
case "$1" in
start)
        start
        ;;
stop)
        stop
        ;;
restart)
         echo $"Restaring Tomcat"
         stop
         sleep 1
         start
         ;;
status)
        status
        ;;
*)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|status}"
        exit 1
        ;;
esac
exit ${RETVAL}
 
执行脚本:
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080
Usage: /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 {start|stop|restart|status}
 
[[email protected] ~]# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 restart
Restarting tomcat_8080 (via systemctl):                    [  OK  ]
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 status
tomcat_8080 is running
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 stop
Stopping tomcat_8080 (via systemctl):                      [  OK  ]
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 status
tomcat_8080 is stopped
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 start
Starting tomcat_8080 (via systemctl):                      [  OK  ]
  
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/tomcat_8080 status
tomcat_8080 is running

二、Zookeeper集群环境一键部署脚本 [生产环境中推荐使用该脚本]

[[email protected] zookeeper]# cat install_zookeeper.sh
#!/bin/bash
   
source /etc/profile
java -version
if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]; then
  echo "JDK未安装,请先安装JDK"
  exit 1
fi
while getopts "a:b:n:l:c:f:m:h" opts
do
        case $opts in
                a)
                        #APP_NAME:项目编码
                        APP_NAME=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                b)
                        #MODULE_NAME:模块名称
                        MODULE_NAME=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                n)
                        #ZK_SRVNUM:ZOOKEEPER数量
                        ZK_SRVNUM=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                l)
                        #ZK_IPLIST:ZOOKEEPER服务器IP地址列表
                        ZK_IPLIST=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                c)
                        #ZKCLIENT_PORT:客户端访问 zookeeper 的端口号
                        ZKCLIENT_PORT=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                f)
                        #ZKLEADER_PORT:ZOOKEEPER的F和L通信端口号
                        ZKLEADER_PORT=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                m)
                        #ZKCOM_PORT:ZOOKEEPER选举端口号
                        ZKCOM_PORT=$OPTARG
                        ;;
                h)
                        echo -e "OPTIONS:
-a:项目编码(必选)
-b:模块名称(可选,默认为空)
-n:ZooKeeper服务器数量(可选,默认为3)"
                        echo -e "-l:ZooKeeper服务器IP地址列表(必选,IP地址以英文逗号分隔)"
                        echo -e "-c:Client-Port(可选,默认为2181,多个端口以英文逗号分隔,且与IP地址一一对应)"
                        echo -e "-f:ZooKeeper的F和L通信端口号(可选,默认为2888,多个端口以英文逗号分隔,且与IP地址一一对应)"
                        echo -e "-m:ZooKeeper选举端口号(可选,默认为3888,多个端口以英文逗号分隔,且与IP地址一一对应)"
                        exit 1
                        ;;
                ?)
                        echo "missing  options,pls check!"
                        exit 1
                        ;;
        esac
done
#可选参数赋值
ZK_SRVNUM=${ZK_SRVNUM:-3}
ZKCLIENT_PORT=${ZKCLIENT_PORT:-2181}
ZKLEADER_PORT=${ZKLEADER_PORT:-2888}
ZKCOM_PORT=${ZKCOM_PORT:-3888}
#定义公共变量
#zookeep安装包存放位置
ZKSAVDIR="/usr/local/src/zookeeper"
#zookeeper安装包名(不带扩展名)
ZKNAME="zookeeper-3.4.8"
#必选参数存在性及参数合法性判断
#if [ -z ${APP_NAME} ]||[ -z ${MODULE_NAME} ]||[ -z ${ZK_IPLIST} ];then
if [ -z ${APP_NAME} ]||[ -z ${ZK_IPLIST} ];then
        echo "Missing options,exit"
        exit 1
elif [ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -ne 1 ]&&[ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -ne 3 ]&&[ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -ne 5 ];then
        echo "Wrong server num,exit"
        exit 1
fi
IPLIST_NUM=`echo ${ZK_IPLIST}|awk -F"," '{print NF}'`
if [ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -ne ${IPLIST_NUM} ];then
        echo "IP list and server num do not match,exit"
        exit 1
fi
APP_NAME=`echo ${APP_NAME} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`
#多个端口时判断端口数与IP地址数量是否一致
CPORT_NUM=`echo ${ZKCLIENT_PORT}|awk -F"," '{print NF}'`
LPORT_NUM=`echo ${ZKLEADER_PORT}|awk -F"," '{print NF}'`
EPORT_NUM=`echo ${ZKCOM_PORT}|awk -F"," '{print NF}'`
if [ ${CPORT_NUM} -gt 1 ];then
        if [ ${IPLIST_NUM} -ne ${CPORT_NUM} ]||[ ${IPLIST_NUM} -ne ${LPORT_NUM} ]||[ ${IPLIST_NUM} -ne ${EPORT_NUM} ];then
                echo "IP list and Port list number do not match,exit"
                exit 1
        fi
#获取IP地址和端口对应关系
        rm -f /home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg
        for ((i=1;i<=${ZK_SRVNUM};i++)); do
                eval IP_$i='`echo ${ZK_IPLIST}|awk -F, "{ print $"$i" }"`'
                eval PORT_$i='`echo ${ZKCLIENT_PORT}|awk -F, "{ print $"$i" }"`'
                eval LPORT_$i='`echo ${ZKLEADER_PORT}|awk -F, "{ print $"$i" }"`'
                eval EPORT_$i='`echo ${ZKCOM_PORT}|awk -F, "{ print $"$i" }"`'
#               eval echo "server.${i}=$IP_$i:${ZKLEADER_PORT}:${ZKCOM_PORT}">>${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
#               eval IPTMP=$IP_$i
                eval PORTTMP=$PORT_$i
#zookeeper HOME路径
                [ -z ${MODULE_NAME} ]&&eval ZKHOME="/opt/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_$PORT_$i"||eval ZKHOME="/opt/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_${MODULE_NAME}_$PORT_$i"
#zookeeper日志存储路径
                [ -z ${MODULE_NAME} ]&&eval DATA_LOGDIR="/var/log/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_$PORT_$i"||eval DATA_LOGDIR="/var/log/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_${MODULE_NAME}_$PORT_$i"
#zookeeper数据存储路径
                DATA_DIR="${ZKHOME}/data"
#生成参数列表
                eval echo "$i,$IP_$i,$PORT_$i,$LPORT_$i,$EPORT_$i,${ZKHOME},${DATA_LOGDIR},${DATA_DIR}">>/home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg
        done
        cat /home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg
else
#zookeeper HOME路径
        [ -z ${MODULE_NAME} ]&&ZKHOME="/opt/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper"||ZKHOME="/opt/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_${MODULE_NAME}"
        echo "ZKHOME is ${ZKHOME}"
#zookeeper日志存储路径
        [ -z ${MODULE_NAME} ]&&DATA_LOGDIR="/var/log/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper"||DATA_LOGDIR="/var/log/${APP_NAME}/zookeeper_${MODULE_NAME}"
        echo "ZK log dir is ${DATA_LOGDIR}"
#zookeeper数据存储路径
        DATA_DIR="${ZKHOME}/data"
        echo "ZK data dir is ${DATA_DIR}"
fi
#安装日志
INSTALL_LOG="/home/workapp/zookeeperinstall.log"
#打印变量值
echo "APP_NAME is ${APP_NAME}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "MODULE_NAME is ${MODULE_NAME}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "ZK_Server_num is ${ZK_SRVNUM}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "ZK_Server IP is ${ZK_IPLIST}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "ZK_Client Port is ${ZKCLIENT_PORT}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "ZK_Leader Port is $ZKLEADER_PORT"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
echo "ZK_COM Port is ${ZKCOM_PORT}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
#获取本机IP地址
HOST_IP=`ip a|grep global|awk '{print $2}'|awk -F"/" '{print $1}'`
echo "Local IP is ${HOST_IP}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
#安装包MD5校验
md5Now=`md5sum ${ZKSAVDIR}/${ZKNAME}.tar.gz|awk '{print $1}'`
md5Save=`cat ${ZKSAVDIR}/${ZKNAME}.tar.gz.md5`
if [ "${md5Now}" != "${md5Save}" ];then
    echo "MD5 check Failed!"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
    echo "the md5 now is ${md5Now}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
    echo "the md5 saved is ${md5Save}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
    exit 1
else
    echo "MD5 check success!"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
fi
#安装zookeeper
function Install_zk {
        echo "=================`date '+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S'`Start Install ZooKeeper....==============="|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
        #解压缩安装包至项目编码安装路径
        if [ ! -e /opt/${APP_NAME}/ ]; then
                mkdir -p /opt/${APP_NAME}
        fi
        tar -xzf ${ZKSAVDIR}/${ZKNAME}.tar.gz -C /opt/${APP_NAME}/
        mv /opt/${APP_NAME}/${ZKNAME} ${ZKHOME}
        mkdir -p ${DATA_DIR}
        mkdir -p ${DATA_LOGDIR}
        cp ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo_sample.cfg ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
        #客户化zoo.cfg配置
        sed -i "s/clientPort=2181/clientPort=${ZKCLIENT_PORT}/g" ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
        sed -i "s#dataDir=/tmp/zookeeper#dataDir=${DATA_DIR}#g" ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
        sed -i "/dataLogDir/s/^/#/" ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
        echo "dataLogDir=${DATA_LOGDIR}" >>${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
        #修改zookeeper-env.sh,指定运行日志zookeeper.log路径
        sed -i "s#/var/log/zookeeper#${DATA_LOGDIR}#g" ${ZKHOME}/conf/zookeeper-env.sh
        #修改java.env,设置jvm参数,指定gc日志路径
        sed -i "s#/var/log/zookeeper#${DATA_LOGDIR}#g" ${ZKHOME}/conf/java.env
#服务器数量为3个或5个为集群模式
        if [ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -eq 3 ]||[ ${ZK_SRVNUM} -eq 5 ];then
#根据端口数量判断安装方式
                if [ ${CPORT_NUM} -eq 1 ];then
#拆分IP地址列表,获取本机ZK_ID
                        for ((i=1;i<=${ZK_SRVNUM};i++));do
                                eval IP_$i='`echo ${ZK_IPLIST}|awk -F, "{ print $"$i" }"`'
#                       eval echo $IP_$i
                                eval IPTMP=$IP_$i
                                eval echo "server.${i}=$IP_$i:${ZKLEADER_PORT}:${ZKCOM_PORT}">>${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
                                if [ "$HOST_IP" == "$IPTMP" ];then
#当列表中的IP地址等于本机地址时,获取当前i值作为ID
                                        ZK_ID=${i}
                                else
                                        continue
                                fi
                        done
                else
                                ZK_ID=${NUM}
                                while read ZK_INFO;do
                                         echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print "server."$1"="$2":"$4":"$5}'>>${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
                                done</home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg
                fi
        #客户化myid
                echo "${ZK_ID}" >${DATA_DIR}/myid
                echo "zookeeper ID is ${ZK_ID}"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
        fi
        chown -R workapp:workapp ${ZKHOME}
        chown -R workapp:workapp ${DATA_LOGDIR}
        cat ${ZKHOME}/conf/zoo.cfg
}
function Check_install {
        retval=$?
        if [ $retval -eq 0 ];then
                echo "`date '+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S'` zookeeper install SUCCESS!|${APP_NAME} ${MODULE_NAME} ${HOST_IP} ${ZKCLIENT_PORT} ${ZK_ID}|0"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
        else
                echo "`date '+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S'` zookeeper install FAILED!|${APP_NAME} ${MODULE_NAME} ${HOST_IP} ${ZKCLIENT_PORT} ${ZK_ID}|1"|tee -a ${INSTALL_LOG}
        fi
}
function Start_check {
        su - workapp -c "sh ${ZKHOME}/bin/zkServer.sh start"
        sleep 10
        su - workapp -c "sh ${ZKHOME}/bin/zkServer.sh status"
        netstat -anp|grep ${ZKCLIENT_PORT}
}
#根据端口数量判断安装方式,1个端口为standalone或集群模式,正常安装;
if [ ${CPORT_NUM} -eq 1 ];then
        Install_zk
        Check_install
        Start_check
else
#多个端口为伪集群模式,读取zkinfo.cfg文件
        while read ZK_INFO;do
                NUM=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $1}'`
                IP=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $2}'`
                ZKCLIENT_PORT=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $3}'`
                ZKHOME=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $6}'`
                DATA_LOGDIR=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $7}'`
                DATA_DIR=`echo ${ZK_INFO}|awk -F, '{print $8}'`
                if [ "$IP" == "$HOST_IP" ];then
                        Install_zk
                        Check_install
                        Start_check
                else
                        continue
                fi
        done</home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg
fi
rm -f /home/workapp/zkinfo.cfg

查看脚本帮助信息

#!/bin/bash
# Date: 2018-09-08
# Mail: [email protected]
# Founder: kevin
# Describe: This is a one - button installation service script 
function CDAN(){
cat << One_button_install
+------------------------------------------------+
|                                                |
|    _o0o_        1. 安装Nginx                   |
|    08880        2. 安装Apache                  | 
|    88"."88      3. 安装MySQL                   |
|    (|-_-|)      4. 安装PHP                     |
|    0=/0        5. 部署LNMP环境                |
|   __/  \__      6. 安装zabbix监控              |
|   ‘  ///‘      7. 退出此管理程序              |
|  / Linux一键   8. 关闭计算机                  |
| ||  Server  || ================================| 
|     ////       一键安装服务                   |
|  ||| i i i  ||| by Kevin                       |
|  ___    ___    ================================|
|___‘. /--.-- .‘___                             |
+------------------------------------------------+
One_button_install
}
CDAN
 source /etc/init.d/functions
BASE_DIR=/usr/local/src
read -p "请您输入1-8任意字符:" NUM
expr $NUM + 1 >/dev/null 2>&1
if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]
 then
  echo "请您输入{1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8}"
  exit 1
fi
   
function Nginx_server (){
  echo "开始安装Nginx,请喝杯咖啡,耐心等待一段时间...."
  yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ pcre-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel >/dev/null 2>&1
  cd $BASE_DIR
  wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1 
  useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin nginx
  tar -zvxf nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1
  cd $BASE_DIR/nginx-1.12.2/
  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_dav_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-pcre --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --user=nginx --group=nginx >/dev/null 2>&1
   
  if [ "$?" -eq 0 ];then
    make && make install >/dev/null 2>&1
  fi
 
  if [ -f /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx ];then
    ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/local/sbin
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
    echo "恭喜您! Nginx安装成功!"
  fi
}
         
function Apache_server (){
  echo "开始安装Apache,请喝杯咖啡,耐心等待一段时间...."
  yum install httpd -y >/dev/null 2>&1
  if [ "$?" -eq 0 ]
   then
    echo "恭喜您! Apache安装成功!"
   else
    echo "很抱歉, Apache安装失败! 请仔细检查安装脚本,可能有点问题."
  fi
}
 
function Mysql_server (){
    echo "开始安装Mysql,请喝杯咖啡,耐心等待一段时间...."
    rpm -e $(/bin/rpm -qa | grep mysql|xargs) --nodeps >/dev/null 2>&1
    rpm -e $(/bin/rpm -qa | grep mariadb|xargs) --nodeps >/dev/null 2>&1
 
    yum -y install make gcc-c++ cmake bison-devel ncurses-devel >/dev/null 2>&1
    mkdir -p /usr/local/boost && cd /usr/local/boost
    wget http://www.sourceforge.net/projects/boost/files/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1
    tar -zvxf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1
 
    /usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
    /usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql -M -s /sbin/nologin
    mkdir -p /data/mysql/data
 
    cd $BASE_DIR
    wget -c http://ftp.ntu.edu.tw/MySQL/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.28.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1
    tar -zxvf mysql-5.7.28.tar.gz >/dev/null 2>&1
    cd mysql-5.7.28/
    #mysql安装目录和数据目录最好分开,配置文件为/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
    cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql/data -DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mysql -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_READLINE=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost >/dev/null 2>&1
     
    if [ "$?" -eq 0 ];then
       make && make install >/dev/null 2>&1
    fi
 
    chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
    chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
    # 执行初始化配置脚本,创建系统自带的数据库和表
    /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data --user=mysql --initialize >/dev/null 2>&1
 
    ## 配置my.cnf, 注意下面EOF输入的内容需要顶格写,否则输入无效!
cat > /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf << EOF 
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /usr/local/mysql/var/mysql.sock
 
[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /usr/local/mysql/var/mysql.sock
 
basedir = /usr/local/mysql/
datadir = /data/mysql/data
pid-file = /data/mysql/data/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1
sync_binlog=1
log_bin = mysql-bin
 
skip-name-resolve
#skip-networking
back_log = 600
 
max_connections = 3000
max_connect_errors = 3000
##open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 512
max_allowed_packet = 16M
binlog_cache_size = 16M
max_heap_table_size = 16M
tmp_table_size = 256M
 
read_buffer_size = 1024M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 1024M
sort_buffer_size = 1024M
join_buffer_size = 1024M
key_buffer_size = 8192M
 
thread_cache_size = 8
 
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 1024M
 
ft_min_word_len = 4
 
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30
 
log_error = /data/mysql/data/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/data/mysql-slow.log
 
performance_schema = 0
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
 
##lower_case_table_names = 1 
skip-external-locking
 
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
##default-storage-engine = MyISAM
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 40960M
innodb_write_io_threads = 1000
innodb_read_io_threads = 1000
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 4M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
 
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
#myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
#myisam_max_sort_file_size = 1G
#myisam_repair_threads = 1
 
interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800
 
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
 
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
 
sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES
port = 3306
EOF
 
    #启动mysql服务
    cd /usr/local/mysql && mkdir var
    chown -R mysql.mysql var
    cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
    chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysql
    #由于是拷贝到/etc/init.d下的启动脚本,这里不管是centos6或centos6都使用chkconfig添加开机启动
    chkconfig mysql on
    service mysql start >/dev/null 2>&1
 
    #设置环境变量
    echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin" >> /etc/profile
    source /etc/profile
 
    mkdir -p /var/lib/mysql
    ln -s /usr/local/mysql/var/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
    chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
 
    #设置初始密码为"[email protected]"
    sed -i '/[mysqld]/askip-grant-tables' /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
    service mysql restart >/dev/null 2>&1
    #mysql无密码登陆,可以使用mysql -p" "直接登陆(即密码为空)。如果直接使用mysql -p回车,然后无密码,但还是需要触发一次回车。
    /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -p" " -e "update mysql.user set authentication_string=password('[email protected]') where user='root';" -e "flush privileges;"
    
    sed -i '/skip-grant-tables/d' /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
    MYSQL_VERSION=$(basename $(ls $BASE_DIR/mysql-*.tar.gz)|cut -d"-" -f2|awk -F".tar" '{print $1}')
 
    chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
    chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
 
    service mysql restart >/dev/null 2>&1
    if [ "$?" -eq 0 ];then
      echo "恭喜您! Mysql${MYSQL_VERSION}安装成功!目前Mysql服务已启动,初始密码为[email protected]"
    fi
 }
   
case $NUM in
  1)
     Nginx_server
  ;;
  2)
     Apache_server
  ;;
  3)
    Mysql_server
  ;;
esac

执行脚本

需要注意:
上面One_button_install.sh一键部署脚本中涉及服务安装包的下载,考虑到网络因素,可以提前将包下载下来放到指定的${BASE_DIR}目录下,这样有利于提高脚本执行效率。
 
执行脚本,必须选择安装mysql
[[email protected] ~]# chmod 755 One_button_install.sh
[[email protected] ~]# sh One_button_install.sh
+------------------------------------------------+
|                                                |
|    _o0o_        1. 安装Nginx                   |
|    08880        2. 安装Apache                  | 
|    88"."88      3. 安装MySQL                   |
|    (|-_-|)      4. 安装PHP                     |
|    0=/0        5. 部署LNMP环境                |
|   __/  \__      6. 安装zabbix监控              |
|   ‘  ///‘      7. 退出此管理程序              |
|  / Linux一键   8. 关闭计算机                  |
| ||  Server  || ================================| 
|     ////       一键安装服务                   |
|  ||| i i i  ||| by Kevin                       |
|  ___    ___    ================================|
|___‘. /--.-- .‘___                             |
+------------------------------------------------+
请您输入1-8任意字符:3
开始安装Mysql,请喝杯咖啡,耐心等待一段时间....
 
接着就是耐心等待就好了,本脚本经过线上测试可用。

转载至:https://www.cnblogs.com/kevingrace/p/6086426.html

很高兴各位朋友能欣赏作品,本文版权归作者和博客园共有,欢迎转载,请在文章页面明显位置给出原文出处,否则将追究法律责任。 原文链接: https://www.cnblogs.com/strugger-0316

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