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CompletableFuture-更优雅的使用多线程

admin

11月 28, 2021

1 java多线程最强大的juc包:

 类图:

 2 简单使用:

CompletableFuture<User> test1=CompletableFuture.supplyAsync(()->{
            User user=new User();
            user.setName("====CompletableFuture====");
            return user;
        });
        test1.thenAccept((result)->{
            System.out.println(result.getName());
        });
        test1.exceptionally((e)->{
            // CompletionException
            System.out.println(e.getMessage());
            return null;
        });

 3 源码分析

1、 asyncSupplyStage(asyncPool, supplier)

// 默认使用commonpool : static final ForkJoinPool common
private static final Executor asyncPool = useCommonPool ?
        ForkJoinPool.commonPool() : new ThreadPerTaskExecutor();
		
		
static <U> CompletableFuture<U> asyncSupplyStage(Executor e,
                                                     Supplier<U> f) {
        if (f == null) throw new NullPointerException();
        CompletableFuture<U> d = new CompletableFuture<U>();
        e.execute(new AsyncSupply<U>(d, f));
        return d;
    }


// excute:
public void execute(Runnable task) {
        if (task == null)
            throw new NullPointerException();
        ForkJoinTask<?> job;
        if (task instanceof ForkJoinTask<?>) // avoid re-wrap
            job = (ForkJoinTask<?>) task;
        else
            job = new ForkJoinTask.RunnableExecuteAction(task);
	// 尝试提交任务到队列:
        externalPush(job);
    }


final void externalPush(ForkJoinTask<?> task) {
        WorkQueue[] ws; WorkQueue q; int m;
        int r = ThreadLocalRandom.getProbe();
        int rs = runState;
	//  workQueues:volatile 修饰的 WorkQueue[] 
        if ((ws = workQueues) != null && (m = (ws.length - 1)) >= 0 &&
            (q = ws[m & r & SQMASK]) != null && r != 0 && rs > 0 &&
            U.compareAndSwapInt(q, QLOCK, 0, 1)) {
            ForkJoinTask<?>[] a; int am, n, s;
            if ((a = q.array) != null &&
                (am = a.length - 1) > (n = (s = q.top) - q.base)) {
                int j = ((am & s) << ASHIFT) + ABASE;
                U.putOrderedObject(a, j, task);
                U.putOrderedInt(q, QTOP, s + 1);
                U.putIntVolatile(q, QLOCK, 0);
                if (n <= 1)
                    signalWork(ws, q);
                return;
            }
            U.compareAndSwapInt(q, QLOCK, 1, 0);
        }
        // 将第一个任务提交到线程池中
        externalSubmit(task);
    }
	
private void externalSubmit(ForkJoinTask<?> task) {
        int r;                                    // initialize caller's probe
        if ((r = ThreadLocalRandom.getProbe()) == 0) {
            ThreadLocalRandom.localInit();
            r = ThreadLocalRandom.getProbe();  //  return UNSAFE.getInt(Thread.currentThread(), PROBE);
        }
        for (;;) {
            WorkQueue[] ws; WorkQueue q; int rs, m, k;
            boolean move = false;
	    // 状态码runState bits: SHUTDOWN must be negative, others arbitrary powers of two
            if ((rs = runState) < 0) {
                tryTerminate(false, false);     // help terminate
                throw new RejectedExecutionException();
            }
            else if ((rs & STARTED) == 0 ||     // initialize
                     ((ws = workQueues) == null || (m = ws.length - 1) < 0)) {
                int ns = 0;
		// 使用CAS:  compareAndSwapInt
                rs = lockRunState();
                try {
                    if ((rs & STARTED) == 0) {
                        U.compareAndSwapObject(this, STEALCOUNTER, null,
                                               new AtomicLong());
			// 创建	WorkQueue				   
                        // create workQueues array with size a power of two
                        int p = config & SMASK; // ensure at least 2 slots
                        int n = (p > 1) ? p - 1 : 1;
                        n |= n >>> 1; n |= n >>> 2;  n |= n >>> 4;
                        n |= n >>> 8; n |= n >>> 16; n = (n + 1) << 1;
                        workQueues = new WorkQueue[n];
						
                        ns = STARTED;
                    }
                } finally {
                    unlockRunState(rs, (rs & ~RSLOCK) | ns);
                }
            }
            else if ((q = ws[k = r & m & SQMASK]) != null) {
                if (q.qlock == 0 && U.compareAndSwapInt(q, QLOCK, 0, 1)) {
                    ForkJoinTask<?>[] a = q.array;
                    int s = q.top;
                    boolean submitted = false; // initial submission or resizing
                    try {                      // locked version of push
                        if ((a != null && a.length > s + 1 - q.base) ||
                            (a = q.growArray()) != null) {
                            int j = (((a.length - 1) & s) << ASHIFT) + ABASE;
			    //  native 
                            U.putOrderedObject(a, j, task);
                            U.putOrderedInt(q, QTOP, s + 1);
                            submitted = true;
                        }
                    } finally {
                        U.compareAndSwapInt(q, QLOCK, 1, 0);
                    }
                    if (submitted) {
			// 尝试创建或者激活worker
                        signalWork(ws, q);
                        return;
                    }
                }
                move = true;                   // move on failure
            }
            else if (((rs = runState) & RSLOCK) == 0) { // create new queue
                q = new WorkQueue(this, null);
                q.hint = r;
                q.config = k | SHARED_QUEUE;
                q.scanState = INACTIVE;
                rs = lockRunState();           // publish index
                if (rs > 0 &&  (ws = workQueues) != null &&
                    k < ws.length && ws[k] == null)
                    ws[k] = q;                 // else terminated
                unlockRunState(rs, rs & ~RSLOCK);
            }
            else
                move = true;                   // move if busy
            if (move)
                r = ThreadLocalRandom.advanceProbe(r);
        }
    }
	
	//  Tries to create or activate a worker if too few are active.
	
	final void signalWork(WorkQueue[] ws, WorkQueue q) {
        long c; int sp, i; WorkQueue v; Thread p;
        while ((c = ctl) < 0L) {                       // too few active
            if ((sp = (int)c) == 0) {                  // no idle workers
                if ((c & ADD_WORKER) != 0L)            // too few workers
                    tryAddWorker(c);
                break;
            }
            if (ws == null)                            // unstarted/terminated
                break;
            if (ws.length <= (i = sp & SMASK))         // terminated
                break;
            if ((v = ws[i]) == null)                   // terminating
                break;
            int vs = (sp + SS_SEQ) & ~INACTIVE;        // next scanState
            int d = sp - v.scanState;                  // screen CAS
            long nc = (UC_MASK & (c + AC_UNIT)) | (SP_MASK & v.stackPred);
            if (d == 0 && U.compareAndSwapLong(this, CTL, c, nc)) {
                v.scanState = vs;                      // activate v
                if ((p = v.parker) != null)
                    U.unpark(p);
                break;
            }
            if (q != null && q.base == q.top)          // no more work
                break;
        }
    }
	
	// Tries to add one worker,
	private void tryAddWorker(long c) {
        boolean add = false;
        do {
            long nc = ((AC_MASK & (c + AC_UNIT)) |
                       (TC_MASK & (c + TC_UNIT)));
            if (ctl == c) {
                int rs, stop;                 // check if terminating
                if ((stop = (rs = lockRunState()) & STOP) == 0)
                    add = U.compareAndSwapLong(this, CTL, c, nc);
                unlockRunState(rs, rs & ~RSLOCK);
                if (stop != 0)
                    break;
                if (add) {
                    createWorker();
                    break;
                }
            }
        } while (((c = ctl) & ADD_WORKER) != 0L && (int)c == 0);
    }
	
	// 创建一个线程并开始
	private boolean createWorker() {
        ForkJoinWorkerThreadFactory fac = factory;
        Throwable ex = null;
        ForkJoinWorkerThread wt = null;
        try {
            if (fac != null && (wt = fac.newThread(this)) != null) {
				// 
                wt.start();
                return true;
            }
        } catch (Throwable rex) {
            ex = rex;
        }
	// 终止worker最终回调,以及失败时的回调
        deregisterWorker(wt, ex);
        return false;
    }
//

一句 CompletableFuture.supplyAsync (xxxx 便经历了如此之多。

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