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HttpRunner3源码阅读:9. 测试用例中的类定义testcase

admin

11月 28, 2021

testcase

testcase.py这里主要写了一个测试文件里的几个组成类及其方法(Config/Step…)

可用资料

inspect[类型检查…]:https://docs.python.org/zh-cn/3/library/inspect.html
property[方法转为只读属性]:https://docs.python.org/zh-cn/3/library/functions.html?highlight=property#property

导包

import inspect  # :类型检查、获取源代码、检查类与函数、检查解释器的调用堆栈。
from typing import Text, Any, Union, Callable

from httprunner.models import (
    TConfig,
    TStep,
    TRequest,
    MethodEnum,
    TestCase,
)

源码附注释

Config类

class Config(object):
    # 接收一个name参数
    def __init__(self, name: Text):
        # 以下定义的都是私有属性
        # 该属性无法通过对象.属性名访问
        # Config().__name
        # 但可以通过对象._类名+属性名访问
        # Config()._Config__name
        # _属性名,则为一种规范表示不想被当前程序外的地方访问,但可以通过对象.属性名方法
        self.__name = name
        self.__variables = {}
        self.__base_url = ""
        self.__verify = False
        self.__export = []
        # 这个权重 是用在locust 中的
        self.__weight = 1
        # 返回调用方堆栈的帧记录列表。返回列表中的第一个条目表示调用方; 最后一个条目表示堆栈上的最外层调用。
        caller_frame = inspect.stack()[1]
        self.__path = caller_frame.filename
    
    # 修饰的方法可用属性方式调用x.name
    @property
    def name(self) -> Text:
        return self.__name

    @property
    def path(self) -> Text:
        return self.__path

    @property
    def weight(self) -> int:
        return self.__weight
    
# 设置配置信息以下...
    def variables(self, **variables) -> "Config":
        """变量字典合并"""
        self.__variables.update(variables)
        return self

    def base_url(self, base_url: Text) -> "Config":
        self.__base_url = base_url
        return self

    def verify(self, verify: bool) -> "Config":
        self.__verify = verify
        return self

    def export(self, *export_var_name: Text) -> "Config":
        # 末尾一次性追加另一个序列中的多个值
        self.__export.extend(export_var_name)
        return self

    def locust_weight(self, weight: int) -> "Config":
        self.__weight = weight
        return self

    def perform(self) -> TConfig:
        return TConfig(
            name=self.__name,
            base_url=self.__base_url,
            verify=self.__verify,
            variables=self.__variables,
            export=list(set(self.__export)),
            path=self.__path,
            weight=self.__weight,
        )

StepRequestValidation类

class StepRequestValidation(object):
    # 传入一个测试步骤模型对象
    def __init__(self, step_context: TStep):
        self.__step_context = step_context

    # 以下各验证方法
    def assert_equal(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        """ jmes_pathn: json搜索表达式, expected_value:期望值
            message: 描述
        """
        # 追加到验证器列表
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"equal": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self
    # 不相等
    def assert_not_equal(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"not_equal": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_greater_than(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Union[int, float], message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"greater_than": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_less_than(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Union[int, float], message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"less_than": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_greater_or_equals(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Union[int, float], message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"greater_or_equals": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_less_or_equals(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Union[int, float], message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"less_or_equals": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_length_equal(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: int, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"length_equal": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_length_greater_than(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: int, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"length_greater_than": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_length_less_than(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: int, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"length_less_than": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_length_greater_or_equals(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: int, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"length_greater_or_equals": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_length_less_or_equals(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: int, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"length_less_or_equals": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_string_equals(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"string_equals": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_startswith(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Text, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"startswith": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_endswith(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Text, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"endswith": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_regex_match(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Text, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"regex_match": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_contains(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"contains": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_contained_by(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"contained_by": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def assert_type_match(
        self, jmes_path: Text, expected_value: Any, message: Text = ""
    ) -> "StepRequestValidation":
        self.__step_context.validators.append(
            {"type_match": [jmes_path, expected_value, message]}
        )
        return self

    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

StepRequestExtraction


# 步骤中提取参数类,
# 提供验证方法,返回验证类对象 StepRequestValidation
class StepRequestExtraction(object):
    def __init__(self, step_context: TStep):
        self.__step_context = step_context

    def with_jmespath(self, jmes_path: Text, var_name: Text) -> "StepRequestExtraction":
        self.__step_context.extract[var_name] = jmes_path
        return self

    # def with_regex(self):
    #     # TODO: extract response html with regex
    #     pass
    #
    # def with_jsonpath(self):
    #     # TODO: extract response json with jsonpath
    #     pass

    def validate(self) -> StepRequestValidation:
        return StepRequestValidation(self.__step_context)
    
    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

RequestWithOptionalArgs

# 步骤中:Request请求 ,请求header等配置
# 提取数据, 校验,teardown_hook
class RequestWithOptionalArgs(object):
    def __init__(self, step_context: TStep):
        self.__step_context = step_context

    def with_params(self, **params) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.params.update(params)
        return self

    def with_headers(self, **headers) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.headers.update(headers)
        return self

    def with_cookies(self, **cookies) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.cookies.update(cookies)
        return self

    def with_data(self, data) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.data = data
        return self

    def with_json(self, req_json) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.req_json = req_json
        return self

    def set_timeout(self, timeout: float) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.timeout = timeout
        return self

    def set_verify(self, verify: bool) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.verify = verify
        return self

    def set_allow_redirects(self, allow_redirects: bool) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.allow_redirects = allow_redirects
        return self

    def upload(self, **file_info) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        self.__step_context.request.upload.update(file_info)
        return self

    def teardown_hook(
        self, hook: Text, assign_var_name: Text = None
    ) -> "RequestWithOptionalArgs":
        if assign_var_name:
            self.__step_context.teardown_hooks.append({assign_var_name: hook})
        else:
            self.__step_context.teardown_hooks.append(hook)

        return self

    def extract(self) -> StepRequestExtraction:
        return StepRequestExtraction(self.__step_context)

    def validate(self) -> StepRequestValidation:
        return StepRequestValidation(self.__step_context)

    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

RunRequest

# 请求前置:参数变量,setup_hook,请求最终调用RequestWithOptionalArgs
# 此方法Demo中有使用
class RunRequest(object):
    def __init__(self, name: Text):
        self.__step_context = TStep(name=name)

    def with_variables(self, **variables) -> "RunRequest":
        self.__step_context.variables.update(variables)
        return self

    def setup_hook(self, hook: Text, assign_var_name: Text = None) -> "RunRequest":
        if assign_var_name:
            self.__step_context.setup_hooks.append({assign_var_name: hook})
        else:
            self.__step_context.setup_hooks.append(hook)

        return self

    def get(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.GET, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def post(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.POST, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def put(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.PUT, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def head(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.HEAD, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def delete(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.DELETE, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def options(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.OPTIONS, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

    def patch(self, url: Text) -> RequestWithOptionalArgs:
        self.__step_context.request = TRequest(method=MethodEnum.PATCH, url=url)
        return RequestWithOptionalArgs(self.__step_context)

StepRefCase

# 需要传入步骤, Demo中并未使用该类,
class StepRefCase(object):
    def __init__(self, step_context: TStep):
        self.__step_context = step_context
    # 结束时运行函数
    def teardown_hook(self, hook: Text, assign_var_name: Text = None) -> "StepRefCase":
        if assign_var_name:
            self.__step_context.teardown_hooks.append({assign_var_name: hook})
        else:
            self.__step_context.teardown_hooks.append(hook)

        return self
    # 导出变量
    def export(self, *var_name: Text) -> "StepRefCase":
        self.__step_context.export.extend(var_name)
        return self

    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

RunTestCase

# 步骤 -> 测试用例类(引入), 此方法Demo有案例
class RunTestCase(object):
    def __init__(self, name: Text):
        self.__step_context = TStep(name=name)

    def with_variables(self, **variables) -> "RunTestCase":
        self.__step_context.variables.update(variables)
        return self

    def setup_hook(self, hook: Text, assign_var_name: Text = None) -> "RunTestCase":
        if assign_var_name:
            self.__step_context.setup_hooks.append({assign_var_name: hook})
        else:
            self.__step_context.setup_hooks.append(hook)

        return self
    # testcase 测试用例类
    def call(self, testcase: Callable) -> StepRefCase:
        self.__step_context.testcase = testcase
        return StepRefCase(self.__step_context)

    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

Step

# 步骤
class Step(object):
    # 可以是以下5种对象
    def __init__(
        self,
        step_context: Union[
            StepRequestValidation,
            StepRequestExtraction,
            RequestWithOptionalArgs,
            RunTestCase,
            StepRefCase,
        ],
    ):
        self.__step_context = step_context.perform()

    @property
    def request(self) -> TRequest:
        return self.__step_context.request

    @property
    def testcase(self) -> TestCase:
        return self.__step_context.testcase

    def perform(self) -> TStep:
        return self.__step_context

作者:zy7y
本文版权归作者和博客园共有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须在文章页面给出原文链接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。

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